As Promised

I’ve decided that John Crockett’s library deserves its very own post. I’ve also decided that I cannot possibly track down all of these books for you.  I have inserted some information and links, but left plenty for you to explore on your own.  [I have tried to transcribe the titles accurately, but if you want to take a look at them for yourself, the Maryland Archives link is:

(and here for the second page).]


John Crockett, appraised sometime before October 1736:

[in a section titled Books Vizt]

  • The works of John Lock Esqr in 3 Vols fo. Ed. Londo 1722
  • Locks Essay of Human understanding fo. Ed. Lond 1706
  • Wolastons Religion of Nature delineated 4to Ed. Londo 1731
  • Shaftsbury’s Characteristicks 3 Vols 8vo Ed. Londo 1727
  • Temples Essays 2 Vols
  • Fable of the bees 2 Vols 8vo Ed Londo 1732

Or, Private Vices, Publick Benefits (the sixth edition, as you can see here)

  • The Rights of the Xtian Church
  • The Grounds of the Xtian Religion
  • Spavans Pufendorf 2 Vols

I thought this one might be hard to find, but it was actually quite easy: Pufendorf’s Law of Nature and Nations, abridged by some fellow identified as “J. Spavan, M.A.,” of whom I can find no trace.

  • Burnelds Exposition of the 39 Articles of the Church of England fo. Ed. 1720
  • Barcleys works old
  • Wilkins of Natural Religion
  • Echards Ecclesiastical History 2 Vols Ed Lond 1729
  • Souths Sermons 3 Vols
  • 1 Vol of Colliers Dictionary

Courtesy of Wikipedia:

“Collier published an early encyclopedia in 1701, The great historical, geographical, genealogical and poetical dictionary. He freely admitted that the text was based on a number of earlier historians, but especially [on] the eight[h] edition of Louis Moréri’s Grand Dictionnaire Historique. This was issued in two volumes in London from 1701-1705 with an appendix covering the time period from 1688 ‘by another hand’ being issued in the latter year. A further appendix was issued in 1721 and a second edition in 1727.

  • 2d Vol Scotts Xtian Life
  • The Gentlemans Religion
  • Government of the Tongue

Ah, another work by the author of our old friend, The Whole Duty of Man.

[This title, by the way, was appropriated by Seamus Heaney in 1988.]

Image result for government of the tongue

  • Crouch against Covetousness
  • John Edwards of the Holy Scriptures
  • Melius Inquirendum

Two possibilities here: Melius Inquirendum or Melius Inquirendum. Both deal with the vexing problem of Nonconformists, although the latter seems to focus only on those pesky Quakers.

  • Pearson of Tythes 8vo
  • Stennells Answer to Russell
  • L’Stranges Tullys Offices
  • Seneca’s Morals old book
  • Echards Gassateer

A gazetteer, of course, and self-styled as a Geographical Index . . . Of special Use for the true Understanding of all Modern Histories of Europe, as well as the present Affairs; and for the conveniency of Cheapness and Pocket Carriage, Explained by Abbreviations and Figures. The inventory does not indicate which of the many editions Crockett had in his library; this is the seventh, printed in 1704.

  • Wards young Mathematicians Guide
  • Hattons Comes Comecrecy

I had just typed a confession that I could not find this, and then I looked at a source for a different title and immediately saw Hatton’s Comes Commercii. The good news is that I have now found references in a number of catalogs of books printed in England in the 18th century; the bad news is that I cannot find any link to the actual book.

  • The Tryal of Wills
  • An old Bible
  • Norwoods Epitomie
  • 1st Vol Turkey Spye

Intrigue! Even better, plenty of French intrigue, as the full title promises:

The First Volume of Letters Writ by a Turkish Spy, Who lived Five and Forty Years, Undiscovered, at Paris: Giving an Impartial Account to the Divan at Constantinople, of the most Remarkable Transactions of Europe; And discovering several Intrigues and Secrets of the Christian Courts, (especially that of France) from the Year 1637 to the Year 1682.

Frontispiece to Giovanni Paolo Marana, 'The First Volume of Letters Writ by a Turkish spy' (London, 1691), and used on other volumes and editions also; the spy, whole length, bearded, sitting on a chair at a table, holding a quill; hour glass, mathematical instruments, ink bottle, and paper on table; sphere in the foreground; scrolls strewn on floor, next to two sacks, possibly containing coins; bookshelf with books, three with inscribed spines, 'Alcaran', 'Tacitus', and 'St. Austin', in background to left; hanging lamp, mirror, and clock in background to centre; window, below which a framed picture of a man with a net and fish, in background to left.  Engraving
The book’s frontispiece, courtesy of    The British Museum

I should warn you, however, that there’s a good chance a few things got lost in translation, as the text purportedly was Written Originally in Arabick, first Translated into Italian, afterwards into French, and now into English.”

Here is the fourth edition, printed in 1692.

  • Browns Justin
  • Gardian 2 Vols
  • Popes Miscellanies
  • Homers Iliad 6 Vols
  • Addisons Travels into Italy
  • Gay’s Fables
  • Felamicus 2 Vols


  • Bladens Cesar’s Commentarys
  • The Freeborn Subjects Inheritance
  • Infants Lawer

The Infants Lawyer: Or, the Law (Both Ancient and Modern) Relating to Infants.

I can’t imagine how the appraisers (or the clerk transcribing the inventory) got tripped up on ‘lawyer.’  But this is a work I immediately added to my Google Books library, as it promises to set forth their several Ages for divers purposes – just the information I need to settle several vexing questions, such as when children could sign contracts. It even has an Appendix of the Forms of Declarations and Pleadings concerning Infants – a gold mine!

  • Doctr and Studient
  • Godolphis Orphans Legacy
  • Body of the Laws of Maryland
  • The Clerks remembrancer
  • The compleat Clerk
  • Kiells Introduction to Natural Philosophy

Another expected mystery that proved not to be a mystery at all, just an easily-found work by John Keill (albeit in Latin).

John Keill Veram Physicam.png

  • Animal Oconomy

This one, however, remains a mystery.

  • Durhams Phisico Theology

Actually, Physico-Theology by W. Derham, printed in 1713 – a collection of sermons with large Notes, and many curious Observations.

  • Friends History of Physick

Maryland manuscripts from this period commonly spell ‘friend’ as ‘freind’ – but here the error is reversed (as was the case with John Kiell/Keill).  This book is the work of John Freind.

  • Quncy’s Dispensatory
  • Lexicon
  • Medicina Statica

This one could be another work by John Keill or by John Quincy (he of Quincy’s Dispensatory, two titles up).  There’s Medicina Statica Britanica (by Keill) and Medicina Statica (by Quincy), which is the Aphorisms of Sanctorius, translated into English with large Explanations.  Confusing matters further, Quincy’s Medicina Statica offers the bonus addition of Dr. Keil’s Medicina Statica Britanica, with comparative Remarks, and Explanations.

  • Sydenham’s Works
  • Gibsons Anatomy
  • Bates Dispensatory Translated by Salmon
  • A parcel of old Books

I have come to realize no library is complete without a parcel of old books.

  • New books according to Invoyce Amounting to £4,16,9 Sterlg is Currt £6,9,0

Now if we could just figure out from whom Crockett was ordering his books – that would be very cool.


As It Ended, So It Begins

Yes, technically Volume 21 ended with 4 books but the last post had plenty of parcels of old books – and that’s what we have to kick off Volume 22.

David Peterkin, appraised June 1736:

  • a parcel of old books

Mary Cook, appraised May 1736:

  • one large bible and [an] other small book

Thomas Manning, appraised July 1736:

  • a parcel of old books
  • 1 new Spelling book

John Readin, appraised July 1736:

  • two Primmers

Mr. William Tidmarsh, appraised October 1736:

  • 1 Book Daltons Country Justice
  • 1 large bible
  • 1 large Prayer book
  • 1 small Do and Prayer book
  • 1 Book the Gentleman instructed

Instructed in what, you might ask? Why, the Conduct of a Virtuous and Happy Life, but the advice is only intended for young noblemen.  Still, it’s a good read — even the declaration of the publisher, who “fling[s] this Treatise at your Feet, and if you will be pleased to peruse it with Leisure and Reflection, it may not only furnish you with Instruction, but with Pleasure; not such, indeed, as courts Sense, and gratifies the Beastial part, but such as is proportioned to the supreme and leading Faculty, such as feast a Soul, and regales an Intelligence.”

The earliest edition I could find is the fifth, published in 1713, which helpfully includes A Word to the Ladies. It’s nice to be remembered.

  • 9 old small books
  • Kearseys Dictionary

John Kersey the younger published A New English Dictionary: or, a complete collection of the most proper and significant words, commonly used in the language in 1702. He has to be identified as ‘the younger’ because his father was also an author. No, I can’t relate to that at all.

Mr. John Ward, appraised June 1736:

  • a parcel of books

Mr. Robert Magruder, appraised September 1736:

  • 4 small old books

Joseph Howard, appraised September 1736:

  • a parcel old books

Edmund Evans, appraised August 1736:

  • 1 Prayer book

Thomas Summerset, appraised July 1736:

  • 3 very old & torn books

George Drew, appraised August 1736:

  • a parcel of old books

William Shipley, appraised November 1736:

  • 11 old small books

Mrs. Alice Murphy, appraised sometime in 1735:

  • 5 old books

John Bath, appraised September 1736:

  • a Bible
  • some old Books
  • a pair of old books

I know items often appear in inventories rather haphazardly, but I still find it odd that this pair of old books is entered well after the old Books with the Bible – and on the same line as a Sword without a Scabbard, to boot.

Samuel Wright, appraised August 1736:

  • a parcel of books

David Thomas, appraised June 1736:

  • 1 Bible Octavo

Henry Hosiere, appraised sometime before October 1736:

  • a parcel of old Books

Darby Shehawn, appraised sometime before October 1736:

  • 1 Spelling book

Mr. Benjamin Hopkins, appraised July 1736:

  • 5 old book [sic]

Mr. Robert Hanson, appraised sometime before October 1736:

  • 1 Common prayer book
  • 1 History book

Mr. James King, appraised July 1736:

  • 1 Comon Prayer book
  • one Psalter

Joseph Howard, appraised December 1736:

  • 1 old bible

Dr. Peter Bouchell, appraised November 1736:

  • 1 Qto bible
  • 2 Octavo Dutch bibles
  • a folio Concordance

A concordance, of course, is an alphabetical index of the principal words in a book or the works of an author with their immediate context. (No, really, I didn’t just look that up because I didn’t already know what it meant . . . ) Trouble is, this particular Concordance could be to just about anything.

  • a half Doz: other books

And in his apothecarys shop:

  • a parcell of Physical books [valued at £0.15]
  • a parcell of Physical books [valued at £3]

[You’ll find more about Dr. Bouchell’s apothecary shop over on Maryland Inventories just as soon as I can get that post written.]

This is a good place to end for today, but hold onto your hats: I’ve peeked ahead and the next post will make it all worthwhile.

Now We’re Talking

We get to wind up this volume of inventories with something a tad more interesting than a parcel of old books, thanks to Thomas Warren.

Joshua Calvert, appraised February 1735:

  • 2 old books

Valued at just £0.0125 . . .

John Capshaw, appraised April 1736:

  • 2 old books

Mr. Thomas Warren, appraised August 1736:

  • Pools Annotations on the Holy Bible Volumn 2d
  • 1 Book the works of Josephas
  • 1 Law Do Traitors of Pleas to the Crown

A Treatise of the Pleas of the Crown: or a System of the Principal Matters relating to that Subject, digested under their proper Heads (although the appraisal does clearly say ‘Traitors’).

Also Word in its infinite wisdom spell-checked ‘pleas’ to ‘please’ – not helpful.

  • 1 Do Woods Institutes

An Institute of the Laws of England by Thomas Wood – not to be confused with Sir Edward Coke’s Institutes of the Lawes of England, which would be quite unfair to Mr. Wood. I could not easily find a link to the first edition, published in 1716, but you can see the fourth edition (1724) here.

  • 1 small Do Synaca Morals
  • 1 small Do Scrivners Guide Vo: 2
  • 1 Book Dydams Treatee of Physick
  • 1 small Do History Cold Barth
  • 1 Law Do Nelsons Justice
  • 1 old Do Alsops fables
  • 1 Book English Liberty
  • 1 old Do Saml. Cradocks Discourse upon Divinity
  • 1 Book Beavridges Works

A work of theology by William Beveridge, Bishop of St. Asaph (and not the work of William Beveridge, British economist; William Beveridge, Scottish footballer; Bill Beveridge, ice hockey player; William Blackwood Beveridge, Canadian merchant; or William Ian Beardmore Beveridge, Australian animal pathologist).

Bp William Beveridge by Benjamin Ferrers.jpg
William Beveridge, Bishop of St. Asaph (1704-1708)
  • 1 Do Practice of Piety
  • 1 Common Prayer Book
  • 1 Book Humane Prudence

Or the Art by Which a Man may Raise Himself and his Fortune to Grandeur. And who wouldn’t want to do that? This is the seventh edition, published in 1697.

  • 1 Spelling Book
  • a parcel of old Book

Plenty of theology but, curiously, no Bible.

For the record, I tried to find a history called ‘Barth’ as well as ‘English Liberty’ but came up empty. Not surprisingly, most of the hits were John Barth (here’s a shout-out to The Sot-Weed Factor) and John Wilkes (who’s all about English Liberty, but too late for this inventory). Dydams Treatee of Physick is also a mystery.

Mr. Richard Vowles, appraised April 1736:

  • parcel old books

Robert Clark, appraised March 1736:

  • some old books

Jacob Morris, appraised May 1736:

  • 2 old books

John Hayes, appraised June 1736:

  • a parcel old books

Mr. Richard Coade, appraised June 1736:

  • prcel old books

John Barwick, appraised June 1736:

  • one old bible and prayer book

Isaac Martain, appraised June 1736:

  • small old bible and 2 very old books

John Loveday, appraised May 1736:

  • 7 old books

Philip Kacey, appraised July 1736:

  • 1 old large Bible
  • some small books

Robert Skiene, appraised May 1736:

  • 1 large bible
  • a parcel of old books

Mr. John Stevens, appraised May 1736:

  • 5 books

Thomas Tate, appraised sometime before July 1736:

  • 20 old books

Peter Cearsey, appraised April 1736:

  • one old prayer book
  • 2 old Testaments

John Murry, appraised November 1736:

  • 1 bible

David Addams, appraised June 1736:

  • a parcel of old Books

Mr. Thomas Haskins, appraised May 1736:

  • 4 books


That’s it for Volume 21 – stay tuned for the libraries of Volume 22.


Nothing Challenging Today

Bibles, prayer books, parcels of old books . . . just the usual.

Mr. Gilbert Falconar, appraised May 1736:

  • 2 old Bibles
  • sundry old Books

Henry Ennalls, appraised December 1735:

  • 7 old Small Books

John Norris, appraised July 1736:

  • 1 old Large Bible
  • 2 othr books

John Johnson, appraised May 1736:

  • a Bible

John Lewis, appraised sometime before May 1736:

  • 1 Bible and Common Prayer Book

Robert Dutton, appraised April 1736:

  • one old Bible
  • 2 other old Books

Patrick Andrew, appraised March 1735:

  • a parsell of old Bookes

John Fowler, appraised August 1736:

  • a prayer book

Thomas Hampton, appraised May 1736:

  • old books

Mrs. Mary Brown, appraised February 1736:

  • one very old large Bible
  • 4 Small Books
  • one Small Common Prayer Book

Peter Bowman, appraised April 1736:

  • one old psalm Book

Daniel Hurley, appraised July 1736:

  • 1 old Bible Prayer book wth the Testamt

Mr. John Woodall, appraised August 1736:

  • a parcell of old Books
  • a Bible

Edward Cousand [Cosons], appraised March 1736:

  • a Small parcell of old Books

Benjamin Griffith, appraised June 1736:

  • 1 Large Bible in folo

William Canter, appraised June 1736:

  • 1 old testament

Archibald Craque [Cragh], appraised August 1736:

  • a parcel of old books
  • 1 large Do

Richard Fulston, appraised May 1736:

  • 14 old books

Mr. Samuel Gooding, Kent County appraised June 1736:

  • 1 large bible
  • a small Do
  • 1 large common Prayer books
  • 3 small Do
  • 6 small old books
  • 1 small book

Now It’s Jonathan Taylor Who Leaves Me Hanging

To be fair, it’s really Jonathan Taylor’s appraisers who dropped the ball.

Thomas Maddox, Senior, appraised April 1736:

  • old books and slate

Lazarus Maddux, appraised June 1736:

  • pcell of old Books

Daniel Day, appraised May 1736:

  • one small Bible one book common prayer and one horn Book

George Drew, appraised March 1736:

  • one small Bible
  • 1 old Large Bible

Mr. George Noble, appraised February 1736:

  • one Neilsons Justice the 10 Eddition
  • the Bound Bodey of Laws the others acts since
  • a parcell of new and old Books


  • one new map of the world
  • one Virginia and Maryland map very old
  • To the North prspect of the Cathedrall Church
  • To an old prspect of a Steeple

Not books, but intriguing.  Augustine Herrman’s map, perhaps?

Mr. John King, appraised sometime before June 1736:

  • a parcell of old Books
  • 3 small Books

William Williams, appraised sometime before June 1736:

  • a parcill of old Books

Mark Noble, appraised sometime before June 1736:

  • a pcell of old Books

Jonathan Taylor, Talbot County appraised June 1735:

  • His Libarary of Books Considered Destinctly amounting to £5,5,0



Ebenezer Handy Is A Tease

But Alexander McGachen — he’s the real deal.

Stephen Gill, appraised November 1735:

  • 2 old Books

Mr. Henry Moore, appraised April 1736:

  • a pcell of old Bookes

Mrs. Frances Wilson, appraised April 1736:

  • a Small pcell of Books

Arthur Whitely, appraised May 1736:

  • a pcell of old Books

Jonathan Garnett, appraised May 1735:

  • 1 old Bible

Mr. William Waltham, appraised April 1736:

  • one Large Bible
  • one Do. Small
  • the whole Dutey of man
  • 7 Books
  • one old Book called the Secratarys guide

Now this looks like a useful book — especially if one wants to write ‘in the most elegant and refined style now made use of.’  (Or perhaps not, if one wants to avoid ending a sentence with a preposition.)

Mr. Alexander McGachen, appraised April 1733:

[in a section headed “Books”]

  • 1 Senecas Morralls
  • 1 Lock on human understanding
  • Life of King William 3d
  • Reflections on Walls History of Infant Baptism

by John Gale . . . and of course I can’t help but wonder if there’s a connection to the Gales in Somerset County – although I doubt it.

  • Abridgemt. of the Dictionary
  • The Compleat Clerk
  • French and English Bible
  • Plurality of worlds

Intriguing – Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds, which Wikipedia describes as ‘a popular science book . . . considered to be one of the first major works of the Age of Enlightenment.’

  •  Devent [Devout, surely?] Christians Companion
  • 2 Small psalm Books
  • Paradise Regained
  • Practical Sabitarian
  • Marriners Jewell

The full title of this one is a mouthful: The mariners jewel; or, A pocket companion for the ingenious Being of more general use for officers, seamen, carpenters, boatswains, pursers and stewards, then any thing yet published. Containing an alphabetical dictionary of all the naval terms; a general pay table; with a table of boatswain stores for each rank of shop; the proportion of prizes, with many other useful things both decimal and vulgarly demonstrated from a manuscript of Sir John Narbrough’s and methodiz’d by James Lightbody, P.M.

  • Exposition of Hoseas Prophesey
  • Marriners Compass Rectified
  • The Celestiall Husbandry

My first searches turned up an entry in a bibliography of theological literature for “Jackson, W. The Celestial Husbandry.”  So far, so good.  But when I google “Jackson Celestial Husbandry’ the first hit I get is ‘What Chameleon Should I Get?’ (Episode 99 of the Chameleon Breeder Podcast, just so you know.)  I think I’ll put this one aside for now.

  • The Lords Days Entertainemt.
  • Eseas on peace at home

Yes, that should be essays: Essays Upon Peace at Home and War Abroad, but Charles Davenant.

Richard Nicholson, appraised February 1736

  • one Large Bible
  • 1 Small Bible
  • 1 Testamt. wth prayer & psalms
  • 1 Large and 6 Small Books
  • 1 small Book

Edward Chapman, appraised January 1731:

  • one old Book
  • 7 old Books

William Bozman, appraised February 1736:

  • 4 old Books
  • one old bible
  • 1 Common prayer Book
  • 1 psalter

Captain William Fassitt, appraised sometime before May 1736:

  • 1 Large Bible
  • one old Do.
  • 3 old Books
  • 1 Condt Generalis

Luckily I’ve seen this one before, so I don’t have to go hunting – but why do you suppose the appraisers listed this title but none of the others?

  • 2 small Books

Timothy Rhodes, appraised May 1736:

  • 2 Bibles
  • 5 Small Books

John White, appraised March 1736:

  • a pcell of Books

Thomas Addams, appraised April 1736:

  • one Book

John Outten, Senior, appraised April 1736:

  • Seven new bibles
  • old Books

Ebenezer Handy, appraised February 1736:

  • one Large Bible
  • Two prayer Books
  • 1 Salter
  • 19 bound books English
  • 6 unbound Books
  • 28 Do. French and Lattin

So frustrating . . . although it probably would have taken me days to identify even a few French and Latin titles.


Just A Handful

And only one that is really of interest . . . or maybe two.

George Britt, appraised March 1736:

  • a pcell of Books

Robert King, appraised sometime before May 1736:

  • a pcell of old Books
  • the whole Dutey of man

John Rathell, appraised April 1736:

  • Some Books

Hugh Sherwood, appraised November 1735:

  • an old Bible
  • Testament
  • whole Duty of Man
  • 3 prayer Books
  • one Dictionary
  • a pcell of old Books both Divinity History and the art of Navigation

Enmon Williams, appraised April 1736:

  • pcell of old Books

Elizabeth Lamas [Lomas, Leeme], appraised April 1736:

[Presumably the widow of John Lemee (or at least that’s the spelling in his will); in my Somerset files I have this family name as Lamee.]

  • 3 old Books

Edmund Shields, appraised December 1735:

  • a pcell of Books

Mrs. Ann Price, appraised December 1735:

  • one pcell of Books

James Towers, appraised sometime in 1735:

  • one Bible

Mrs. Ann Marshall, appraised January 1736:

  • 1 Large Common prayer Book

Mr. Amos Woodward, appraised July 1735:

  • 1 old Bible
  • a pcell Books

Obviously it’s Hugh Sherwood’s library that has items of interest, but it is actually Amos Woodward that surprises me.  How could a man with an estate worth more than £2500 have only a bible and some books worth just . . . oh, wait.  The bible is only four shillings, so nothing remarkable, and I just assumed that the parcel of books, like most parcels of books, was maybe a few shillings — Robert King’s parcel, for example, was deemed to be worth just two and a half shillings . . . but then, his parcel was old.  And perhaps fairly small.  Amos Woodward’s must have been relatively new and/or large, as it was appraised at £10.  Just a drop in the bucket, yet noteworthy.  Plus the books are listed in the first part of the inventory, toward the end of the pages and pages and pages of fabric and tools and miscellaneous household goods in rather large quantities, but before the room by room enumeration of items that we may presume were Amos’s personal possessions, as opposed to imported goods intended for sale.  It follows then that the parcel of books may have been titles that Marylanders would want to purchase.  If only we knew what they were!

[I should point out that the ‘old Bible’ was also listed among the (probable) store goods, below the ’26 lb Epsom Salts’ and ‘9 lb Shoemakers thread’ but above the ‘5½ [yards] worsted Damask.’  I don’t think individuals who were buying on credit had to swear an oath that they would faithfully pay in the future.  Was there some flaw in this particular bible that left it languishing on the shelf?]