Now We’re Talking

We get to wind up this volume of inventories with something a tad more interesting than a parcel of old books, thanks to Thomas Warren.

Joshua Calvert, appraised February 1735:

  • 2 old books

Valued at just £0.0125 . . .

John Capshaw, appraised April 1736:

  • 2 old books

Mr. Thomas Warren, appraised August 1736:

  • Pools Annotations on the Holy Bible Volumn 2d
  • 1 Book the works of Josephas
  • 1 Law Do Traitors of Pleas to the Crown

A Treatise of the Pleas of the Crown: or a System of the Principal Matters relating to that Subject, digested under their proper Heads (although the appraisal does clearly say ‘Traitors’).

Also Word in its infinite wisdom spell-checked ‘pleas’ to ‘please’ – not helpful.

  • 1 Do Woods Institutes

An Institute of the Laws of England by Thomas Wood – not to be confused with Sir Edward Coke’s Institutes of the Lawes of England, which would be quite unfair to Mr. Wood. I could not easily find a link to the first edition, published in 1716, but you can see the fourth edition (1724) here.

  • 1 small Do Synaca Morals
  • 1 small Do Scrivners Guide Vo: 2
  • 1 Book Dydams Treatee of Physick
  • 1 small Do History Cold Barth
  • 1 Law Do Nelsons Justice
  • 1 old Do Alsops fables
  • 1 Book English Liberty
  • 1 old Do Saml. Cradocks Discourse upon Divinity
  • 1 Book Beavridges Works

A work of theology by William Beveridge, Bishop of St. Asaph (and not the work of William Beveridge, British economist; William Beveridge, Scottish footballer; Bill Beveridge, ice hockey player; William Blackwood Beveridge, Canadian merchant; or William Ian Beardmore Beveridge, Australian animal pathologist).

Bp William Beveridge by Benjamin Ferrers.jpg
William Beveridge, Bishop of St. Asaph (1704-1708)
  • 1 Do Practice of Piety
  • 1 Common Prayer Book
  • 1 Book Humane Prudence

Or the Art by Which a Man may Raise Himself and his Fortune to Grandeur. And who wouldn’t want to do that? This is the seventh edition, published in 1697.

  • 1 Spelling Book
  • a parcel of old Book

Plenty of theology but, curiously, no Bible.

For the record, I tried to find a history called ‘Barth’ as well as ‘English Liberty’ but came up empty. Not surprisingly, most of the hits were John Barth (here’s a shout-out to The Sot-Weed Factor) and John Wilkes (who’s all about English Liberty, but too late for this inventory). Dydams Treatee of Physick is also a mystery.

Mr. Richard Vowles, appraised April 1736:

  • parcel old books

Robert Clark, appraised March 1736:

  • some old books

Jacob Morris, appraised May 1736:

  • 2 old books

John Hayes, appraised June 1736:

  • a parcel old books

Mr. Richard Coade, appraised June 1736:

  • prcel old books

John Barwick, appraised June 1736:

  • one old bible and prayer book

Isaac Martain, appraised June 1736:

  • small old bible and 2 very old books

John Loveday, appraised May 1736:

  • 7 old books

Philip Kacey, appraised July 1736:

  • 1 old large Bible
  • some small books

Robert Skiene, appraised May 1736:

  • 1 large bible
  • a parcel of old books

Mr. John Stevens, appraised May 1736:

  • 5 books

Thomas Tate, appraised sometime before July 1736:

  • 20 old books

Peter Cearsey, appraised April 1736:

  • one old prayer book
  • 2 old Testaments

John Murry, appraised November 1736:

  • 1 bible

David Addams, appraised June 1736:

  • a parcel of old Books

Mr. Thomas Haskins, appraised May 1736:

  • 4 books

 

That’s it for Volume 21 – stay tuned for the libraries of Volume 22.

 

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Nothing Challenging Today

Bibles, prayer books, parcels of old books . . . just the usual.

Mr. Gilbert Falconar, appraised May 1736:

  • 2 old Bibles
  • sundry old Books

Henry Ennalls, appraised December 1735:

  • 7 old Small Books

John Norris, appraised July 1736:

  • 1 old Large Bible
  • 2 othr books

John Johnson, appraised May 1736:

  • a Bible

John Lewis, appraised sometime before May 1736:

  • 1 Bible and Common Prayer Book

Robert Dutton, appraised April 1736:

  • one old Bible
  • 2 other old Books

Patrick Andrew, appraised March 1735:

  • a parsell of old Bookes

John Fowler, appraised August 1736:

  • a prayer book

Thomas Hampton, appraised May 1736:

  • old books

Mrs. Mary Brown, appraised February 1736:

  • one very old large Bible
  • 4 Small Books
  • one Small Common Prayer Book

Peter Bowman, appraised April 1736:

  • one old psalm Book

Daniel Hurley, appraised July 1736:

  • 1 old Bible Prayer book wth the Testamt

Mr. John Woodall, appraised August 1736:

  • a parcell of old Books
  • a Bible

Edward Cousand [Cosons], appraised March 1736:

  • a Small parcell of old Books

Benjamin Griffith, appraised June 1736:

  • 1 Large Bible in folo

William Canter, appraised June 1736:

  • 1 old testament

Archibald Craque [Cragh], appraised August 1736:

  • a parcel of old books
  • 1 large Do

Richard Fulston, appraised May 1736:

  • 14 old books

Mr. Samuel Gooding, Kent County appraised June 1736:

  • 1 large bible
  • a small Do
  • 1 large common Prayer books
  • 3 small Do
  • 6 small old books
  • 1 small book

Now It’s Jonathan Taylor Who Leaves Me Hanging

To be fair, it’s really Jonathan Taylor’s appraisers who dropped the ball.

Thomas Maddox, Senior, appraised April 1736:

  • old books and slate

Lazarus Maddux, appraised June 1736:

  • pcell of old Books

Daniel Day, appraised May 1736:

  • one small Bible one book common prayer and one horn Book

George Drew, appraised March 1736:

  • one small Bible
  • 1 old Large Bible

Mr. George Noble, appraised February 1736:

  • one Neilsons Justice the 10 Eddition
  • the Bound Bodey of Laws the others acts since
  • a parcell of new and old Books

Also

  • one new map of the world
  • one Virginia and Maryland map very old
  • To the North prspect of the Cathedrall Church
  • To an old prspect of a Steeple

Not books, but intriguing.  Augustine Herrman’s map, perhaps?

Mr. John King, appraised sometime before June 1736:

  • a parcell of old Books
  • 3 small Books

William Williams, appraised sometime before June 1736:

  • a parcill of old Books

Mark Noble, appraised sometime before June 1736:

  • a pcell of old Books

Jonathan Taylor, Talbot County appraised June 1735:

  • His Libarary of Books Considered Destinctly amounting to £5,5,0

Aaarrrgghhh!

 

Ebenezer Handy Is A Tease

But Alexander McGachen — he’s the real deal.

Stephen Gill, appraised November 1735:

  • 2 old Books

Mr. Henry Moore, appraised April 1736:

  • a pcell of old Bookes

Mrs. Frances Wilson, appraised April 1736:

  • a Small pcell of Books

Arthur Whitely, appraised May 1736:

  • a pcell of old Books

Jonathan Garnett, appraised May 1735:

  • 1 old Bible

Mr. William Waltham, appraised April 1736:

  • one Large Bible
  • one Do. Small
  • the whole Dutey of man
  • 7 Books
  • one old Book called the Secratarys guide

Now this looks like a useful book — especially if one wants to write ‘in the most elegant and refined style now made use of.’  (Or perhaps not, if one wants to avoid ending a sentence with a preposition.)

Mr. Alexander McGachen, appraised April 1733:

[in a section headed “Books”]

  • 1 Senecas Morralls
  • 1 Lock on human understanding
  • Life of King William 3d
  • Reflections on Walls History of Infant Baptism

by John Gale . . . and of course I can’t help but wonder if there’s a connection to the Gales in Somerset County – although I doubt it.

  • Abridgemt. of the Dictionary
  • The Compleat Clerk
  • French and English Bible
  • Plurality of worlds

Intriguing – Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds, which Wikipedia describes as ‘a popular science book . . . considered to be one of the first major works of the Age of Enlightenment.’

  •  Devent [Devout, surely?] Christians Companion
  • 2 Small psalm Books
  • Paradise Regained
  • Practical Sabitarian
  • Marriners Jewell

The full title of this one is a mouthful: The mariners jewel; or, A pocket companion for the ingenious Being of more general use for officers, seamen, carpenters, boatswains, pursers and stewards, then any thing yet published. Containing an alphabetical dictionary of all the naval terms; a general pay table; with a table of boatswain stores for each rank of shop; the proportion of prizes, with many other useful things both decimal and vulgarly demonstrated from a manuscript of Sir John Narbrough’s and methodiz’d by James Lightbody, P.M.

  • Exposition of Hoseas Prophesey
  • Marriners Compass Rectified
  • The Celestiall Husbandry

My first searches turned up an entry in a bibliography of theological literature for “Jackson, W. The Celestial Husbandry.”  So far, so good.  But when I google “Jackson Celestial Husbandry’ the first hit I get is ‘What Chameleon Should I Get?’ (Episode 99 of the Chameleon Breeder Podcast, just so you know.)  I think I’ll put this one aside for now.

  • The Lords Days Entertainemt.
  • Eseas on peace at home

Yes, that should be essays: Essays Upon Peace at Home and War Abroad, but Charles Davenant.

Richard Nicholson, appraised February 1736

  • one Large Bible
  • 1 Small Bible
  • 1 Testamt. wth prayer & psalms
  • 1 Large and 6 Small Books
  • 1 small Book

Edward Chapman, appraised January 1731:

  • one old Book
  • 7 old Books

William Bozman, appraised February 1736:

  • 4 old Books
  • one old bible
  • 1 Common prayer Book
  • 1 psalter

Captain William Fassitt, appraised sometime before May 1736:

  • 1 Large Bible
  • one old Do.
  • 3 old Books
  • 1 Condt Generalis

Luckily I’ve seen this one before, so I don’t have to go hunting – but why do you suppose the appraisers listed this title but none of the others?

  • 2 small Books

Timothy Rhodes, appraised May 1736:

  • 2 Bibles
  • 5 Small Books

John White, appraised March 1736:

  • a pcell of Books

Thomas Addams, appraised April 1736:

  • one Book

John Outten, Senior, appraised April 1736:

  • Seven new bibles
  • old Books

Ebenezer Handy, appraised February 1736:

  • one Large Bible
  • Two prayer Books
  • 1 Salter
  • 19 bound books English
  • 6 unbound Books
  • 28 Do. French and Lattin

So frustrating . . . although it probably would have taken me days to identify even a few French and Latin titles.

 

Just A Handful

And only one that is really of interest . . . or maybe two.

George Britt, appraised March 1736:

  • a pcell of Books

Robert King, appraised sometime before May 1736:

  • a pcell of old Books
  • the whole Dutey of man

John Rathell, appraised April 1736:

  • Some Books

Hugh Sherwood, appraised November 1735:

  • an old Bible
  • Testament
  • whole Duty of Man
  • 3 prayer Books
  • one Dictionary
  • a pcell of old Books both Divinity History and the art of Navigation

Enmon Williams, appraised April 1736:

  • pcell of old Books

Elizabeth Lamas [Lomas, Leeme], appraised April 1736:

[Presumably the widow of John Lemee (or at least that’s the spelling in his will); in my Somerset files I have this family name as Lamee.]

  • 3 old Books

Edmund Shields, appraised December 1735:

  • a pcell of Books

Mrs. Ann Price, appraised December 1735:

  • one pcell of Books

James Towers, appraised sometime in 1735:

  • one Bible

Mrs. Ann Marshall, appraised January 1736:

  • 1 Large Common prayer Book

Mr. Amos Woodward, appraised July 1735:

  • 1 old Bible
  • a pcell Books

Obviously it’s Hugh Sherwood’s library that has items of interest, but it is actually Amos Woodward that surprises me.  How could a man with an estate worth more than £2500 have only a bible and some books worth just . . . oh, wait.  The bible is only four shillings, so nothing remarkable, and I just assumed that the parcel of books, like most parcels of books, was maybe a few shillings — Robert King’s parcel, for example, was deemed to be worth just two and a half shillings . . . but then, his parcel was old.  And perhaps fairly small.  Amos Woodward’s must have been relatively new and/or large, as it was appraised at £10.  Just a drop in the bucket, yet noteworthy.  Plus the books are listed in the first part of the inventory, toward the end of the pages and pages and pages of fabric and tools and miscellaneous household goods in rather large quantities, but before the room by room enumeration of items that we may presume were Amos’s personal possessions, as opposed to imported goods intended for sale.  It follows then that the parcel of books may have been titles that Marylanders would want to purchase.  If only we knew what they were!

[I should point out that the ‘old Bible’ was also listed among the (probable) store goods, below the ’26 lb Epsom Salts’ and ‘9 lb Shoemakers thread’ but above the ‘5½ [yards] worsted Damask.’  I don’t think individuals who were buying on credit had to swear an oath that they would faithfully pay in the future.  Was there some flaw in this particular bible that left it languishing on the shelf?]

Where Would I Be Without Henry and William Ennalls?

Well, I would still have Mr. John Chandler — but otherwise this would be a very sorry list of books indeed.

Captain Robert Givan, appraised December 1735:

  • 1 old Bible
  • 8 Other old Books

Wm. Govins [Givan], appraised December 1735:

  • 4 old books

William Alexander, appraised November 1735:

  • a parcel of old Books

Joseph Bountain, appraised February 1736:

  • a parcell of old Books

Peter Harwood, Junior, Talbot County appraised December 1735

  • 1 Bible and Testament
  • a pcell of old Books

Mr. John Bald, appraised sometime before March 1736:

  • 1 old Book

William Mitchel, appraised February 1736:

  • parcell of old Books

William King, appraised November 1735:

  • a prcell of old Reeding Books

Francis Lane, appraised June 1735:

  • one old bible

Colonel Henry Ennalls, appraised February 1736:

  • a Large Bible
  • 3 Small Do.
  • 7 Books of Divinity
  • a pcell of old Law Books

Mr. William Nutter, appraised November 1735:

  • a pcell of old Books

Mr. John Mcmory, appraised November 1735:

  • a psell of old Books

William Ennalls, appraised April 1733:

James Read, appraised March 1736:

  • a pcell of old Books

William Stephens, appraised December 1735:

  • 2 old Books

James McCabe, appraised January 1736:

  • Some old Books

Charles Allen, appraised April 1735:

  • a pcell old Bookes

George Grove, Junior, appraised November 1735:

  • 4 old Books

Francis Gardner, appraised April 1736:

  • a pcell of Books

Mr. John Chandler, appraised February 1736:

  • 1 middleing & 1 very Indifferent bibles for goodness as also for Size
  • 1 middleing fol. of Tillotsons Sermons
  • the whole Duty of man
  • 2 Indifferent & 1 very old Common pray Books
  • 5 very Sorry old Books

I’m not sure if I’ve linked information about John Tillotson yet — but I believe his sermons turn up with some regularity.

His gravemarker does justice the Archbishop’s impressive jowls (also visible in the portrait on the Wikipedia page) — and note the sleeping children!  [For more about cemetery images of sleeping children be sure to read Elisabeth Roark’s article in the most recent issue of the Maryland Historical Magazine (that is, if you have not already read it more times than you care to remember).]

A Brief Detour to 1720

I have to begin with a significant break from protocol. The ‘books that show up in inventories’ that I’ve been reporting here have, as you know from your careful reading thereof, all emerged from inventories for the 1730s.  But in the course of investigating the property of William White over at Maryland Inventories, I read through the inventory of William Whittington (1650-1720), William White’s guardian (and perhaps grandfather, but more on that later).  Amidst this lengthy list of Whittington’s possessions replete with interesting items I found the added bonus of a detailed library. Too good to pass up, so here it is:

Col. William Whittington, appraised April 1720:

  • Flavels works 2 vols. folo.

John flavel.PNG  John Flavel, (c. 1627-1691)

  • Brayon ye. Church Cathchism
  • Gatakers Sermons [Thomas Gataker (1574-1654) apparently does not rate much of a Wikipedia page, but you can augment it with a catalog of his work on the Post-Reformation Digital Library]
  • Perkins’s works
  • Cotgraves French Dixry. [A Dictionarie of the French and English Tongues (1611)]
  • Rogers’ works
  • Hutchinson on Job
  • Collins Defence of Andrews
  • Luther upon Pauls Epi^s^tles
  • Eltons works
  • Williams’s 2 Vol:
  • Pagets works
  • Goughs’ Advice
  • Delalhambres works
  • 1 Psalm book
  • English Dixry.
  • Cultus Evangelicus [or, A brief discourse concerning the spirituality and simplicity of New-Testament worship (1667) — and you can be the first person to review this item on Amazon]
  • old Book Rates
  • Simsons Works
  • An old Sermon book
  • Reformation of manners
  • a Treatise about the Sacramts. & the passion of ^the* mind
  • 1st. Cooks Institutes
  • 3 Vol: Crokes Reports [it’s an ‘r’, but obviously it should be an ‘o’]

The front cover of Coke's Reports. In the centre, the title of the book ("Les Reports de Edward Coke") with a large subtitle. Around the outside is a collection of images centred on a pair of pillars.

  • Shephards abridgment 3 Vol:
  • orphans Legacey
  • 1 Small Bible 8vo.

~ We now return to our regularly scheduled inventory volume. ~

Daniel Redman, appraised November 1735:

  • 1 Common Prayer Book

Captain Theodorus Bear, appraised March 1735:

  • 5 old Mathematicall Books
  • 1 Divinity Book
  • prayer book
  • Some old Mathematicall Books [these math books have a different value — and appear later in the inventory — than the 5 old books above]

Mr. William Wetherley appraised June 1735:

  • [a] Book

William White, appraised July 1735:

  • 2 old bibles
  • 2 other old books

Daniel Hull, appraised July 1735:

  • 3 old Books

Captain William Fassett, appraised sometime before September 1735:

  • 4 Bibles wth. no psalms
  • 1 Do. Larger plain
  • Do. Gilt
  • Do. plain

Peter Shehe, appraised April 1735:

  • old Books

John Holland, appraised June 1735:

  • 1 Bible and some Other Books

Jonas Smith, appraised August 1735:

  • 1 Bible and some other Books

Mr. John Wallace, appraised July 1735:

  • 1 Small Book

Mr. Henry Ward, appraised April 1735:

  • parsell of Books

Mr. Francis Mauldin, appraised sometime before September 1735:

  • 1 old Bodey of Laws of Maryland
  • a paresll of old Books

Captain Archibald Edmondstone, appraised August 1735 (Additional Inventory):

  • 2 old Books

Henry Wright, appraised May 1735:

  • 4 old Books

John Fisher, appraised sometime before August 1735:

  • 1 Bible
  • 1 old Do.
  • one small Book

Edward Wright, appraised sometime before August 1735:

  • 1 old prayer Book
  • 1 whole Duty of man
  • 1 old Bible

John Sullivan, appraised August 1735:

  • parsell of old Books

John Worley, appraised sometime before September 1735:

  • 1 small Book
  • 4 small Books

John Roberts, appraised March 1735:

  • a parsell old Books

William Austin, appraised August 1735:

  • a parcell old Books

James Simms, appraised September 1735:

  • a Bible and prayer Book
  • old Books

John Brook, appraised May 1735:

  • a parcel of old Books

Joseph Wilkinson, appraised October 1735:

[under a section headed “Bookes” (in fact, the first category in the inventory)]

  • 1 Large Bible
  • 14 Marriners Bookes
  • 2 Common prayer Do.
  • 3 English Dictionarys
  • 1 Cookes Dictionary [it really looks like a ‘k’, but perhaps The English Schoole-Master by Edmund Coote?]
  • 20 old Small Bookes

John Piles, appraised October 1735:

  • a parcell of old Books

Mary Kidder, appraised September 1735:

  • 6 Small Books

William Walden, appraised sometime before November 1735:

  • one Large Bible
  • 14 old Books

John Manning, appraised sometime before November 1735:

  • 9 old Books

Alexander Hall, appraised sometime before November 1735:

  • a parcell Books

Abraham Addams, appraised August 1735:

  • one old Bible

Benjamin Walton, appraised September 1735:

  • one old Bible

Hugh Wilson, appraised June 1735:

  • 12 old Books

John Lynch, appraised September 1735:

  • one old Bible
  • one Salter
  • 4 old Books

Adam Spence, appraised January 1735:

  • a prcell of Books

William Hath, appraised August 1735:

  • 1 old Bible
  • one old Salter
  • Some Books

Thomas Addams, appraised sometime before November 1735:

  • a prcell of old books

John Gibben, appraised sometime before November 1735:

  • Some old Books

John Whips, appraised August 1735:

  • a prcell ^old^ Books [evidently the descriptive ‘old’ was deemed important enough to add]

Thomas Holland, appraised November 1735:

  • one old Bible
  • another old Book

Cornelius Clements, appraised sometime before October 1735:

  • 2 old Books

Carter Clerk, appraised November 1735:

  • one Arithmetick Book

Mrs. Sarah Howard, appraised May 1735:

  • a parcell of Books

Captain Tamberlin Davis, appraised July 1735:

  • 8 Volumes of the Spectater [The Spectator!  Flashbacks to 10th grade English — Mr. Thomason would be proud.]
  • 16 Small old ordinary Books

John Camperson, appraised October 1735:

  • 1 Bible
  • 2 prayers books
  • Date of man [The Whole Duty of Man, surely, but I can’t see any way to make that ‘a’ into a ‘u’]
  • 9 old Books

Joseph Bisco, appraised October 1735:

  • a parcell of Books

Mr. Thomas Tolly, appraised September 1735:

[the books in Mr. Tolly’s inventory are largely illegible because the microfilm has a double image; this is my best guess pending a good look at the original text]

  • old Bible
  • Catisman Books [catechism, perhaps?]]
  • Clarks guide
  • [there may be an additional title]

Mr. Ralph Smith, appraised June 1732:

  • 2 Books

Francis Hayward, Senior, appraised October 1735:

  • 3 old Books